上海快3

张静(暨阳高中)-地理:《地理环境对区域发展的影响》
发布时间:2018年12月04日    来源:本站原创    点击数:     

张静,女,19841月出生,2002-2006年就读于盐城师范学院地理系,2006年毕业至今任教于张家港市暨阳高级中学,2015年取得西南大学教育硕士学位。工作以来我一直认真对待工作,总能保持一份乐观向上的心态去完成学校布置的各项工作;认真研究教材、教法,积极开设各级各类公开课,取得了同行教师的一致认可;努力提升自身能力,在2018年举行的张家港市高中地理青年教师基本功大赛中,获得一等奖。

点评

上海快3SHILUNDILIKETANGJIAOXUEZHONGDE“DAXUEZHIDAO”

——JIANSHUOMAHUAZHONG、ZHANGJINGLAOSHIDEGONGKAIKE《DILIHUANJINGDUIQUYUFAZHANDEYINGXIANG》

 

ZHANGJIAGANGSHICHONGZHENZHONGXUE SUNDEQIN

 

我国有一本儒家修身治国平天下的指导书籍《大学》,对中国古代教育产生了极大的影响。它的开篇第一句是:“大学之道,在明明德,在新民,在止于至善。”今天我想借着对马老师、张老师两节课的学习,从明德、新民和至善三个角度,尝试说一下我们地理课堂教学中的“大学之道”。如有不当之处,请各位老师指正。

一、明德:照亮课堂的教学之旅

MING,YOUKAIQI、ZHAOLIANGDEYISI。ANZHAO“SHIJIUDA”SIXIANGJIUSHI“LIDESHUREN”LIDE“LIDE”。YOUDE,YINGGAISHIRENZHIWEIRENDEJIBENSUYANGQIANTI。ERDEDEXINGCHENGLUJING,JIBENANZHAO“XINGWEI-XIGUAN-SUYANG-DE”ZHEIYIGUOCHENG。HEXINSUYANGSHIYIGEHONGGUANDE、ZHANGQIDEPEIYANGMUBIAO,DANQILUOSHI,BIRANZAIMEIYITANGKEDEYIYANYIXINGZHONG。SUOYI,DILIKETANGSHANG,WOMENBIXUYAOMINGQUEJIAOXUESHIPEIYANGSHENME、WEILESHENME。

BIRUZHANGJINGLAOSHIDEZHEITANGKE,YIKAISHIJIUJICHULEXINKEBIAODEXIANGGUANYAOQIU,MINGQUELEXINGWEIZHIXIANG:JIEHESHILI(DILISHIJIANLI),CONGDILIHUANJINGZHENGTIXINGHEQUYUGUANLIANDEJIAODU(ZONGHESIWEI),SHUOMINGYINDIZHIYIDUIYUQUYUFAZHANDEZHONGYAOYIYI(RENDIXIEDIAOGUAN)。BINGJIANGQIFENJIECHENGSIGEJUTIMUBIAOZHIDAOKETANGJIAOXUE。JIAOXUEZHONG,ZHANGLAOSHIDUIXUESHENGDEXINGWEIYIZHIYOUYISHIDIZAIJINXINGZHEYOUXIAODIZHIDAO,BIRUZHIDAOXUESHENGRUHEPINGJIA、RUHESHENTIDENGDENG。TONGYANG,MAHUAZHONGLAOSHIYIBIAOGEDEXINGSHI,JIANGBENTANGKEXIANGGUANDEDILIHEXINZHISHIDIANJINXINGLELUOLIE,RANGXUESHENGDUIJIAOXUEZHIXIANGYIMULERAN,BINGJINXINGFANFULIANXIYUYINGYONG。

上海快3LIANGWEILAOSHIDOUCAIYONGLEXIAOZUHEZUODEFANGSHI,TONGGUOJUTIERMINGQUEDEYAOQIUDUIXIANGGUANWENTIJINXINGTANTAO,PEIYANGXUESHENGBIJIAO、FENXIDEZONGHESIWEINENGLI。ERZHEIXIEYEHEBENCIKEGAIZHANSHIYUEDE“SHIHEJIAOYU,XIETONGXUEXI”XIANGWENHE。

二、新民:穿越温故的发现之旅

XIN,YOUGENGXIN、SHI……BIANXINDEYISI。ZHEIYIRENSHIDUIYUGAOSANFUXIKEYOUQIYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYIYI。SUOWEIWENGUERZHIXIN。WENGUSHIFUXIKEDESHOUYAORENWU。ERYAORANGFUXIKEBUBIANCHENG“CHAOLENGFAN”,JIUXUYAOJIAOSHIZAIFUXIKETANGSHANGZHANXIANCHUYIXIEXINDEDONGXI。

BIRUMAHUAZHONGLAOSHIYIGEDIDUJUTESEDEGEQUHETUPIANDAORU,ZAIYINGZAOQUYUFENWEIDEGUOCHENGZHONGHUANXINGJIYI,JIFAXINGQU,HUOYUEKETANG;YI2018NIANGAOKAOTIQIERU,RANGXUESHENGZHIJIEGANZHISUOXUEZHISHIBINGBUSHIKUZAOERGULIDE,ERSHIHEJUTIDILIWENTILIANXIZAIYIQI,BINGNENGJIEJUEDILIWENTIDE。TONGSHIZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOYIXIEXINDEQUYUDUISUOXUEZHISHIJINXINGSHULIHEYUNYONG,BIRURIBENHEYINGGUO,SHIXUESHENGJINYIBUGANZHIZIRANDILIYAOSUYURENWENDILIYAOSUZHIJIANDEXIANGHUGUANXIJIQIDUIQUYUFAZHANDEZHANGYUANYINGXIANG。ERZHANGJINGLAOSHIYIXINJIANGYANYUANTONGLIYAJUJIAOXINJIANGMEIGUICHANYEZUOWEIYINRU,ZAICHUANGSHEQINGJINGZHONGSHIDEZHENGTANGKEDEQIDIANXIANDESHIFENQINGXIN。TONGGUO“TANJIUER”SHEZHIDEWENTIYUZHIXIANGHUYING,JIFALEXUESHENGDIAOYONGZHISHIYUNYONGDEXINGQU。

上海快3LIANGWEILAOSHIDOUSHIFENZHUYIFUXIGUOCHENGZHONG“XIN”DESIWEIFANGFADESHULIYUGUINA。BIRUZHANGJINGLAOSHISHULICHULEQUYUCHAYIFENXIBIJIAODEFANGFA:CONGMIAOSHU(ZIRANDILIYAOSUYOUNAXIE、RENWENDILIYAOSUYOUNAXIE)DAOPINGJIAZAIDAOFAZHANJIANYI,ZAIHONGGUANSHANGTISHENGXUESHENGFENXIDILIWENTIHEJIEJUEDILIWENTIDESIWEI。MALAOSHICHENGXIANCHULEQUYUDILI“ZAINALI”、“YOUSHENME”、“WEISHENME”、“ZENMEBAN”DEXUEXI“SIWEIMOSHI”,WEIXUESHENGHOUXUFUXIFENXINENGLIDETISHENGDIANDINGLEJICHU。

ZAIKETANGJIAOXUEFANGSHISHANG,LIANGWEILAOSHITONGGUOXINQINGJINGDECHUANGSHE,TONGGUO“MUBIAO-WENGU-ZHIXIN-YUNYONG”ZHEIYILUJING,ZAIHANGSHIJICHUDETONGSHI,YOUYISHIDIPEIYANGHETISHENGXUESHENGDEDILISIWEINENGLI,SHIXUESHENGZAIFUXIKESHANGYOUXINDESHOUHUO。

上海快3LINGWAIZHIDEYITIDESHI,XINKEBIAOZAIQUYUDESHUXINGSHANGQUBIEYUMUQIANJIAOCAIERTICHULESIGETEDIAN:ZHENGTIXING、CHAYIXING、KAIFANGXINGHEDONGTAIXING。KAIFANGXINGZHIDEJIUSHIQUYUZHIJIANFASHENGDEGEZHONGLIANXI。LIANGWEILAOSHIDOUZHUYIDAOLEQUYUDEZHEIZHONGKAIFANGXINGHEXIANGHUZHIJIANDEGUANLIAN。BIRUZHANGJINGLAOSHITANJIUSI“TANYITANGONGLIUXIANHEZHANGJIAGANGZAIJINHOUDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGRUHEFENGONGHEZUO,SHIXIANGONGYING。”MAHUAZHONGLAOSHIZAIXUEANSHANGLIJUDEKASHENHESHENZHENZHIJIANDELIANXIDENG。ZAILIANXISHENGHUOSHIJIDETONGSHI,GAODUQIHELEXINKEBIAOYAOQIU。

上海快3YOUSHANGSHUKEJIAN,GAOSANFUXIKEDEXIN,ZAIYUZHISHICHENGXIANDEFANGSHI、ZUHEFANGSHIDENGDEBIANHUAYUCHUANGYI;ZAIYUZHISHIJIEGOUDEJIANLIHEBUDUANFENGHOUYUYANSHEN;HAIZAIYUDILISIWEIYUFANGFADEXINGCHENGHETISHENG。

YINGGUOZHEXUEJIAHUAITEHAISHUO:“CHENGGONGDEJIAOYUZAIQISUOCHUANSHOUDEZHISHIZHONGBIXUJUYOUYIDINGDEXINYINGXING。YAOMEZHISHIBENSHENSHIXINDE,YAOMEJUYOUMOUXIESHIYONGYUXINSHIDAIXINSHIJIEDEXINYINGXING。ZHISHIBINGBUBIHUOYUGENGHAOBAOCUN。NIKEYIJIANGGULAODEZHENLI、CHUANSHOUGULAODEZHISHI,DANNIBIXUSHEFASHIZHISHI(RUTABENLAIDENEIYANG)XIANGGANGCONGHAILIZHUASHANGLAIDEXIANYU,DAIZHETAJISHIDEXINXIAN,CHENGXIANJIXUESHENG。”TARENWEI,ZHEIYESHIPEIYANGRENDECHUANGXINSIWEIHEXIANGXIANGLIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。LIANGWEILAOSHIDOUZAIFUXIKEDE“XIN”ZISHANGXIALEGONGFU,YEQUDELEHENHAODEXIAOGUO。

三、至善:成就大写的人生之旅

JIAOYUDEMUDESHISHENME?KONGZISHUO:LIJIDAREN;KANGDESHUO:JIAOYUSHIRENCHENGWEIREN;MENGTIANSHUO:JIAOYUBUSHIPEIYANGTUOZHESHUBENDECHUNCAI。SUOYI,JIAOYUZIGUZHIJINDOUSHIYIZHONGDEXINGSUZAO——YEJIUSHIJINLIQUPEIYANGZHISHANZHIREN。ZHEIFANYINGLE“LIDESHUREN”LIDE“SHUREN”YAOQIU。

SHAN,ZAIWOMENDILIXUEDELIJIEZHONG,YUQITAXUEKEYOUBUTONGZHICHU。DILIDESHANSHIYIZHONGFUYANGTIANDIDEBEITIANMINRENHEDUIZIRANDEJINGWEIZHIXIN,ZHEIXIESHANDOUYUNHANZAIDILIXUEHEXINSIXIANGHELINIANZHIZHONG,QIZHONGZUINENGTIXIANDEJIUSHIKECHIXUFAZHANSIXIANG:WOMENZHIDAO,YIBANDESHANDOUZAIYUGUANAITAREN,HUOZHEQITAYOUSHENGMINGDEDONGXI,ERKECHIXUFAZHAN,GUANAIDEZESHIZHENGGESHEHUIHEZIRAN,ZHEISHIYIZHONGDAAI,YESHIYIZHONGDASHAN!SUOYI,ZHUXISHUOZHISHANSHI“WUYIHAORENYUZHISI”,SHIZUICHONGGAODESHAN。

LIANGJIEKESHANG,LIANGWEILAOSHIDOUZAIYIZHISHENTOUZHETIXIANDILIZHIZHISHANDEKECHIXUFAZHANSIXIANG。BIRU:MAHUAZHONGLAOSHIZAIFENXIRIBEN、YINGGUODEFAZHANSHI,QIANGDIAOYAOCONG“KECHIXUFAZHAN”DEJIAODU,DUIQUYUFAZHANJINXINGSHENRU、QUANMIANFENXI。ZHANGJINGLAOSHIZAIJIAOXUEZHONGTIDAODE“GENJURENDIXIEDIAODEYUANZE,WEIYUTIANXIANMEIGUICHANYEDEFAZHANTICHUHELIDEJIANYI。”YEZHIDAOXUESHENGCONGJINGJI、SHEHUIHESHENGTAIDEJIAODU,WEIYUTIANXIANMEIGUICHANYEDEFAZHANTICHUKECHIXUFAZHANDEFANGXIANG。

上海快3ZONGTILAISHUO,LIANGWEILAOSHIDEKETANGZAIJIEGOUSHANGCONGTUDAOWEN,CONGGANZHIDAOLIXING,CONGLUOLIEYAOSUDAOSIWEIXIANSUO,CONGLINGSANDAOJIEGOU,YIJINGQIAOZHIXIN、JINGZHIZHITAI、JINGLIANZHIYUGOUJIANZHESHUYUZIJIHESHIHEXUESHENGDEGAOSANFUXIKETANG。

四、关于此内容的个人想法

1.关于区域发展。上海快3我个人理解有两层含义,第一层含义是区域初期的发展,主要是自然影响人文,之后相互叠加。对这部分内容,地理学的主要任务是去运用整体性原理去解释。第二层含义是现状及问题下的区域今后的发展,对这部分内容,地理学的主要任务是去运用可持续发展思想去规划。

WOMENDUIDIERCENGHANYIBAWODEDOUHENHAO,ERZAICHENGXIANDIYICENGHANYISHI,WOGERENDEJIANYISHI:ZAICHENGXIANQUYUCHAYIDUIBIFENXIDEFANGFASHI,NENGFOUTIXIANCHUZIRANYAOSUDUIRENWENYAOSUDEYINGXIANG。BIRUBAZIRANDILIYAOSUDELUOLIEXIEZAIZUOCE,RENWENDILIYAOSUXIEZAIYOUCE,ZAIFENXISHI,YONGJIANTOUFANYINGZIRANYAOSUDUIRENWENYAOSUDEYINGXIANG。YICICHENGXIANDILIHUANJINGDEZHENGTIXING,BINGFANYINGQUYUFAZHANCHUQIZIRANDUIRENWENDEYINGXIANG,ERBUSHIGEYAOSUBINGLIEDEGUANXI。

2.关于区域发展中“因地制宜”的认识。因地制宜是一个成语,词典给出的解释是:“根据各地的具体情况,制定适宜的办法。”出自:汉·赵晔《吴越春秋·阖闾内传》。在江苏省地理高考试题中,2014年和2017年同时出现了“因地制宜”思想。

吴殿廷认为:地理学经历了古典地理学、近代地理学和现代地理学三个不同的发展阶段,在不同的发展阶段有不同的地理思维方式。古典地理学是以整体思维为主的科学,这种整体思维是在缺乏具体分析的基础上,笼统的、模糊的思维,因而常带有神秘色彩的荒诞成分;近代地理学是以差别思维为主的科学,即是以区域差别为依据,强调分门别类地进行剖析和寻因索的地进行解释的科学;现代地理学是以辩证思维为主的科学,即在承认差别的基础上强调联系、协同和相互作用,这是辩证的整体思维,即系统思维。[1]所以,地理学科思想也经历类似三个发展阶段:一是早期混沌的整体思想,反映了地理学科思想的萌芽,比如因地制宜、天人合一等;二是探寻区域差异和人地关系的因果思想,比如区位理论;三是辩证的整体的系统思想,比如可持续发展思想。

YINCI,“YINDIZHIYI”XINGCHENGLISHIJIUYUAN,DANNEIHANMOHUKUANFAN,DANTATIXIANDESHIRENLEIFAZHANZAOQIHUNDUNDEZHENGTISIXIANG,SHIYIZHONGKEXUESIXIANGDEMENGYA。SUOYI,ZAIRENJIAOBANBIXIUERJIAOCAIDI90YESHANGYOUZHEIYANGYIDUANWENZI:“JINGUANDANGSHITIANMINGGUANHEYOUSHENLUNZHUZAIZHERENMENSHISIXIANG,DANSHIRENLEIDUIRENDIGUANXIHAISHIYOULEKEXUEDEMENGYA。LIRU,ZAIZHONGGUOGUDAI,ZHUBUYOULEBAOHUDONGWUHEYINDIZHIYIDENGZHUZHANG。” “YINDIZHIYI”YINQIFANHUADEQIANTI、XUWUDEWENTIJIEJUEFANGSHIHEHANHUBUQINGDENEIHAN,TIXIANDESHIZHIHUIDEXIANRENDUIRENDIGUANXIDEYIGEMOHUDEZHENGTIRENSHI,JIURU“SUIJIYINGBIAN,JIANJIXINGSHI”,TABUNENGCHENGWEIYIGEKEXUEDEDILIXUEKESIXIANG!

3.我们的课堂拿什么吸引学生?上海快3课堂设计,需要呈现知识、因果推导、需要铺垫与归纳,也需要环环相扣的严谨逻辑,但在教学行进中,总有几个学生并不“追随”大部队,而游离在课堂之外。我们事先准备好并学生一起“梳理”出的问题解决方法,很多时候,学生并不去用,或者根本就没有注意到。同样,很多时候,我们设计的课堂活动,在“活跃”的氛围中,真正投入参与的只是少数,大部分同学是在做“帮工”或“帮村”。对于知识、方法或活动,在我的课堂上,总有学生对此没有兴趣!我们用什么吸引学生?苏霍姆林斯基说:“你要努力做到,使你的孩子们十分明确地理解、感觉到和看到那‘不懂的地方’,——就是说,使他们面前出现疑问。如果你幸运地做到了这一点,那么事情就成功了一半。”相比较知识、方法或活动,问题或许能让学生更明确地感觉到自己“不懂的地方”。新课标提出“重视问题式教学”,指出“设计问题是基础”,问题的确定要“依托情境”,“建议在选择情境时考虑以下几个方面:贴近学生知识水平、生活实际和社会现实,使学生理解情境;蕴含问题,给学生提供探究的空间;体现关联性,让学生在一个贯穿全过程情境中经历地理思维发展的过程;与课程标准和地理教科书内容联系,便于学生找到基本的依据和资源。”课堂吸引学生的因子有很多,但问题,或许可以成为我们首先思考和切入的一个重要方向。

 

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